VFR flight plan equipment[PDF]
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Common VFR flight equipment
- 3 IVAO pilot interface Software Default Equipment
- 4 VFR-Flight Regulatory Equipment
- 5 Methodology
- 6 Conclusion
- 7 See also
- 8 Reference
- 9 Author
- Navigation capabilities dedicated to ATC management
- Regulatory equipment depending on flight type, flight rules...
- Type of advanced surveillance systems for airport and airspace infrastructures management.
In addition to this equipment which is instrument-related, operators are required to report about the surveillance equipment aboard their aircraft, otherwise called transponders.
In this particular documentation, the following subjects will be dealt with:
- Common general aviation equipment including descriptions and goals,
- Required equipment for VFR flights as per regulations,
- Methodology to establish present equipment in an aircraft based on several examples of VFR aircraft, more or less sophisticated.
Common VFR flight equipment
Radio and Navigation
|D||Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) is a transponder-based radio navigation technology that measures distance between the equipment on ground and an aircraft by timing the propagation delay of VHF or UHF radio signals.|
|F||Automatic Direction Finder (ADF) is a radio-navigation instrument that automatically and continuously displays the relative bearing from the aircraft to a suitable radio station.|
|G||Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). The term GNSS encompasses all the satellite navigation systems such as GPS, GLONASS, GALILEO.|
|L||Instrument Landing System (ILS) is a ground-based instrument approach system that provides precision guidance to an aircraft approaching and landing on a runway.|
|N||It shall be specified if no COM/NAV approach aid equipment for the route to be flown is carried, or the equipment is unserviceable.|
|O||VHF Omni directional Range (VOR) is a type of radio navigation system for aircraft. The system relies on ground based transmitters which emit signals to a VOR receiver inside the aircraft. The navigation signal allows the aircraft receiving equipment to determine a magnetic bearing from the station to the aircraft.|
|R||Performance Based Navigation (PBN) levels that can be met. It is used by ATC for clearance and routing purposes. The insertion of R in the field 10a requires PBN/ to be present in field 18. The PBN sub-field contains the RNAV and/or RNP certifications and operational approvals.|
|S||It shall be specified if standard COM/NAV/approach aid equipment for the route to be flown is carried and serviceable. If the letter S is used, standard equipment is considered to be VHF RTF, VOR and ILS unless another combination is prescribed by the appropriate ATS authority.|
|V||Very High Frequency (VHF) Radio Telephone (RTF). Radio equipment onboard the aircraft.|
|Y||Very High Frequency (VHF) with 8.33 kHz spacing channel: it was decided in 1994 to introduce a further channel split from 25 kHz to 8.33 kHz.|
|A||Transponder - Mode A (4 digits - 4096 codes)|
|C||Transponder - Mode A (4 digits - 4096 codes) and Mode C|
|N||It indicates that no surveillance equipment for the route to be flown is carried or the equipment is unserviceable.|
|P||Transponder Mode S, including pressure-altitude, but no aircraft identification capability.|
|S||Transponder Mode S, including both pressure-altitude and aircraft identification capability.|
|X||Transponder Mode S, with neither pressure-altitude nor aircraft identification capability.|
IVAO pilot interface Software Default Equipment
By default, the IVAO Pilot Interface provides equipment that may be included automatically in your flight plan, independently of your cockpit instruments.
- VHF receiver (2 channel) = letter V in the flight plan equipment section
- VHF receiver is compatible 8.33kHz frequency spacing = letter Y in the flight plan equipment
- Mode S transponder = letter S in the flight plan transponder section (compatible with mode C)
VFR-Flight Regulatory Equipment
Radio and Navigation
Radio requirement (V)
8.33kHz Frequency Spacing (Y)
Transponder requirement (/C, /S)
Performance Based Navigation (R)
This basic RNAV capability is usually to carry a basic GPS onboard:
- Performance Based Navigation (PBN) is required = letter R
- Basic GPS carried = letter G
- PBN equipment requires a complementary remark in field 18 of flight plan = for Basic GNSS (i.e. GPS) text to insert is PBN/B2.
There is not a common flight level. Each country has defined its own limiting flight level. The following table will provide regulations for several countries in Europe:
|Country||PBN is required above||Country||PBN is required above|
VFR flights do not require many regulatory types of equipment. Usually, these aircraft are fitted with few equipment and it is easy to determine them rapidly. It then takes a few minutes only to file a flight plan with correct equipment.
- VID 150259 - Creation
- VID 450012 - Wiki Integration
DATE OF SUBMISSION
- 16:13, 13 May 2021
- This documentation is copyrighted as part of the intellectual property of the International Virtual Aviation Organisation.
- The content of this documentation is intended for aviation simulation only and must not be used for real aviation operations.