VFR Minima[PDF]

Definition

VFR minima are the minimum weather requirements in order to perform a VFR flight.
These minima are applicable in the following altitude and airspace classes.
The parameters to take into account are visibility and minimum distances from clouds.

VFR minima table

Altitude band  Airspace class Minimum flight
visibility
Minimum distance from
clouds
At and above
3050m or 10000ft AMSL
A, B, C, D, E, F, G 8 km 1500 m horizontally
300m or 1000ft vertically
Below
3050m or 10000ft AMSL
and above,
900m or 3000ft AMSL or, 300m or 1000ft above terrain, whichever is the higher
A, B, C, D, E, F, G  5 km 1500 m horizontally
300m or 1000ft vertically

At or below
900m or 3000ft AMSL or, 300m or 1000ft above terrain, whichever is the higher

A, B, C, D, E 5 km 1500 m horizontally
300m or 1000ft vertically

At or below
900m or 3000ft AMSL or, 300m or 1000ft above terrain, whichever is the higher

F, G  5 km (*) Clear of cloud and with the surface in sight


Remarks:
  • Where flight visibility has been reduced to not less than 1500m, flights may be permitted at speeds that give adequate opportunity to observe other traffic or any obstacles in time to avoid collision (dependent on the country regulations).
  • Helicopters may be permitted to operate in less than 1500m flight visibility if they can observe other traffic and any obstacles in time to avoid collision. (depends on your country regulations).
  • The VMC minima in class A airspace are included for guidance to pilots and do not imply acceptance of VFR flights in class A airspace automatically.
When the height of the transition altitude is lower than 3050m or 10000ft ; AMSL, FL100 (flight level) should be used.

See also

Reference

  • ICAO documentation Annex 2 - Rules of the Air - 10th Edition July 2005

Author

  • VID 150259 - Creation
  • VID 150259 - Wiki integration

DATE OF SUBMISSION

  • 16:57, 12 February 2020

COPYRIGHT

  • This documentation is copyrighted as part of the intellectual property of the International Virtual Aviation Organisation.

DISCLAIMER

  • The content of this documentation is intended for aviation simulation only and must not be used for real aviation operations.