Private Pilot briefing[PDF]
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Requirements
- 3 Applying for the exam
- 4 Theoretical Private Pilot Exam
- 5 Practical Private Pilot Exam
- 6 Evaluation and marking method
- 7 Validation of the exam
- 8 See also
- 9 Reference
- 10 Author
This briefing is created to help candidates understand the purpose of this exam. This briefing is also applicable for training sessions.
- You shall have your Advanced Flight Student rating (FS3) since more than 60 days and
- You have at least 50 hours of logged time on IVAN as a Pilot (ATC hours are not taken into account)
Applying for the exam
The theoretical and practical exam can be requested by directly accessing your exam status page. The exam has two parts which shall be successfully validated in this order:
- Theoretical exam: complete successfully the PP online test
- Practical exam: examiner will check your theoretical knowledge and your proficiency in VFR flight.
Once your exam has been registered, the examiner will contact you via your e-mail address given on your personal details page. Before requesting for the exam, check that this e-mail address is valid since it is the only way for the examiner to get in touch with you.
This manual is dedicated only for IVAO Network activities. This document must not be used in real aviation or in other networks
Theoretical Private Pilot Exam
- Each question includes 3 to 5 proposed answers among which only one is correct.
- You have a maximum of 45 minutes to fill in the examination paper, and should you exceed this limit, the exam will be automatically recorded as failed (default failed score = 0/100).
- These MCQ exams are automatically corrected (each question will be marked 0 for a wrong answer or 5 for a right answer).
- The pass-mark for the exam is 75/100 (corresponding to at least 15 correct answers or a maximum of 5 false answers)
Practical Private Pilot Exam
The training material is available on the IVAO website following these links below:
(Especially the following chapters: flight controls, flight instruments and aircraft performance)
IVAO software, connection and communication modes
Your examiner should log on the IVAO network using:
- His staff call sign and create a private channel on the TeamSpeak community server (cc.ts.ivao.aero)
- An active position on the IVAO network using _EXA_ suffix on position (example XXXX_EXA_APP)
Your examiner will check your ability to correctly use the main functions of the software, mainly:
- establish a text and/or voice communication with active ATC positions,
- retrieve and interpret the ATIS of a controller,
- use the different transponder modes,
- be able to transmit by text on the current ATC frequency and privately,
- retrieve a distant station ATIS, METAR and TAF
You will be assessed on your theoretical VFR knowledge as part of the exam.
- Basics of air law: instrument and visual flight rules, weather requirements for VFR flights, airspace classes and structure, types of controlled airspaces, ATC units and positions, transponder codes,
- Chart reading
- VFR procedures: VFR charts interpretation and VFR circuit,
- Navigation: VFR routes, basic use of radio navigation aids, semi-circular rules, transition altitude and transition level,
- Meteorology: METAR and TAF interpretation,
- Flight instruments and aircraft knowledge: principles of altimetry, altimeter settings, airspeeds, basic flight instruments, aircraft characteristics.
Practical performance during the exam
- A light (L) single engine piston propeller fixed wing aircraft (such as a Cessna 172, 182, Piper PA28, Mooney M20 or similar) must be used for the flight test (C208, PC12 and helicopters are not allowed).
- Make sure you choose an aircraft you know well and are comfortable with.
- Basic NAV (navigation) equipment available and fully functional including one VOR receiver and one ADF receiver (or similar) Basic COM (communication) equipment is enough to fulfil exam requirements.
- Use of the autopilot and GPS system are permitted on the exam. However, be aware that autopilot might not be able to fulfil required manoeuvres exceeding the autopilot capabilities, resulting in exam failure. You are free to use the autopilot at your own risk.
- The flight shall be performed under general aviation operation regulations
- Your examiner will advise you of the departure and destination airports prior to the exam (it is examiner’s choice) and you will have to plan the route yourself. As a general rule, you will be requested to fly between two airports at least 20 nm apart under Visual Flight Rules. In case the nearest airport is too far from the departing field, a local flight may be prescribed.
- You will be expected to find the necessary VFR charts yourself (check your country’s AIS for online charts availability). If you have difficulties doing so, contact your examiner prior to the exam. In all cases, you may have to coordinate with him so as to determinate which charts will be needed.
- VMC conditions must exist for the flight to be performed. If necessary, the examiner will postpone or relocate the exam or even can accept simulated clear weather conditions.
- When starting the exam, you will have to decide if the current weather is acceptable for the intended VFR flight.
- FS daytime is accepted.
- You should connect at your departure airfield after the examiner asked you to do so, using the following call sign: EXM#### where #### are the last 4 digits of the exam number or TRN#### where #### are the last 4 digits of the training number. Your radiotelephony call sign will be “Exam ####” for exam session or "Training ####" for training session. Your exam or training number can be found on the exam status page.
- The examiner may either be connected as an observer and “simulate” an active ATC position or may connect as an active ATC or collaborate with another ATC in charge of the airspace where the exam takes place. In all cases, comply with all instructions normally.
- Unless you are disconnected from the network, we require you submit your flight plan only once on examiner's request while connected and starting the test flight. You should not change any item and/or resubmit your flight plan thereafter.
- Connection at the departing airport,
- VFR flight plan; unless you are disconnected during the exam, we request that you send your flight plan only once at the beginning of the flight and on request of the examiner,
- Ground movements from gate/parking area to the assigned runway,
- Take off technique,
- VFR departure,
- En-route VFR navigation (accuracy of navigation based on visual references and radio navigation aids, if any); during the flight, your examiner may ask you to make some exercises (turns to specified headings, climbs/descents to assigned altitude, crossing a defined fix at a specified altitude, flying direct to a VOR and a NDB, making a 360°),
- VFR arrival (entry points, pattern integration),
- Traffic patterns,
- Touch and go or go around followed by a 2nd pattern,
- Full stop landing and taxi to apron/gate,
- Phraseology (use of correct phraseology, prompt and accurate read back, minimum proficiency in spoken English)
- IVAO software knowledge
- Basic VFR theoretical knowledge
- Connecting to the network
- VFR Pattern execution at aerodrome
- Radio communication and basic VFR English proficiencies
Evaluation and marking method
Each score will reflect the exactness and range of your knowledge (for theoretical data) and your ability to accurately execute the exercises (and your performance in doing so).
The maximum score is 100 points. The pass mark is 75/100. In all cases, your examiner will give you the detailed results during the debriefing, so as you can identify your errors and correct them in case the exam is failed.
- Performing the exam with an inappropriate aircraft class or type
- Radio Communication proficiency failure
- English Communication proficiency failure
- Insufficient theoretical knowledge
- Poor theoretical knowledge
- No charts
- Connection on the runway
- Entering the runway without adequate clearance
- Taking off without clearance
- Landing without clearance
- Landing outside the runway
- Inability to execute VFR patterns
- 2 tasks marked “0”
- Use of pause mode in the simulator
- Flying inside a prohibited area (P) or in a class A airspace
- Descend below VFR minimum altitude
- Crash due to terrain collision
- Crash due to loss of control
- Crash due to aircraft overstress
- Examinee has extremely poor theoretical knowledge (score shall be at or below 10/100)
- Examinee violates against IVAO Rules and Regulations (score shall be 1/100 or 0/100 depending of examiner)
- Examinee does not turn up for the exam and a valid reason is not given within 48 hours. This will cause the exam to be considered as failed (score shall be 1/100 or 0/100 depending of examiner)
- In case you decide to stop the exam at any time after it has begun (score shall be 1/100 or 0/100 depending of examiner)
- In case of any provable cheating during a practical exam, regardless if during the theoretical or the practical part, the result will be 0/100 and a blocking of 6 months for exams will be appointed to the examinee.
Validation of the exam
The validator will verify the marking based on the comments and marking sheet of the examiner.
- VID 150259 - Creation - Wiki integration
- VID 200696 - Update May 2019
- VID 150259 - Update September 2019
DATE OF SUBMISSION
- 12:27, 1 December 2019
- This documentation is copyrighted as part of the intellectual property of the International Virtual Aviation Organisation.
- The content of this documentation is intended for aviation simulation only and must not be used for real aviation operations.