Distance Measurement Equipment - DME (Beacon)[PDF]
Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) is defined as a combination of ground and airborne equipment which gives a continuous slant range distance-from-station readout by measuring the time-lapse of a signal transmitted by the aircraft to the station and responded back.
DME ground equipment
DME ground and on-board equipment use the UHF radio frequency band between 962MHz and 1213MHz.
An aircraft can compute its distance to the beacon from the delay of the signal perceived by the aircraft's DME equipment using the speed of light.
DME works like a receiver and re-emitter like a transponder:
- The aircraft transmits a paired pulse spaced about 12μs or 36μs on the UHF frequency.
- The DME on the ground receives it and transmits with a constant delay of 50μs on an UHF frequency (with ± 63 MHz offset) a paired pulse spaced 12μs or 36μs
- When 50% of the signals emitted have been received by the aircraft’s receiver, the aircraft instrument can compute the signal in order to find the propagation time, and then calculate the distance.
The aircraft has also two modes for DME tracking: one for searching the station and another for tracking the station using fewer signals.
DME on charts
Associated with the DME figure, you can have additional information written in a rectangle:
- Full clear name of the DME
- Frequency in MHz and/or DME channel
- 3 letter call sign of the DME
- Morse code of the call sign
- VID 150259 - Creation
- VID 450012 - Update
DATE OF SUBMISSION
- 00:34, 14 May 2021
- This documentation is copyrighted as part of the intellectual property of the International Virtual Aviation Organisation.
- The content of this documentation is intended for aviation simulation only and must not be used for real aviation operations.