Definition of Helicopter Weight and Balance[PDF]
Weight and balance considerations of a helicopter are similar to those of an airplane, except that they are far more critical, and the center of gravity (CG) range is much more limited.
Based on structural considerations and power availability, every manufacturer provides specific limiting information on items such as:
- Maximum certificated takeoff weight
- Maximum zero fuel weight
- Maximum hook weight
- Maximum payload
Even though the gross weight of a helicopter stays within prescribed limits, if that weight has not been distributed correctly and the center of gravity falls outside of the authorized limits, regardless of it's weight, such helicopters are categorized as unsafe for flight.
Center of Gravity
The center of gravity (CG) of a helicopter is the point over which the helicopter would be balanced. It directly affects stability and handling characteristics of the helicopter.
Helicopter hangs level under the rotor mast when the center of gravity position is horizontally aligned.
- VID 522050 - Creation
DATE OF SUBMISSION
- 12:39, 23 February 2021
- This documentation is copyrighted as part of the intellectual property of the International Virtual Aviation Organisation.
- The content of this documentation is intended for aviation simulation only and must not be used for real aviation operations.