Approach Controller briefing[PDF]
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Requirements
- 3 Applying for the exam
- 4 Theoretical Approach Controller Exam
- 5 Practical Approach Controller Exam
- 6 Evaluation and marking method
- 7 Validation of the exam
- 8 See also
- 9 Reference
- 10 Author
This briefing is created to help candidates understand the purpose of this exam.
- You shall have your aerodrome controller rating (ADC) since more than 60 days and,
- You shall have at least 100 hours of logged time on IVAN as an ATC (pilot hours are not taken into account)
Applying for the exam
The theoretical and practical exam can be requested by directly accessing your exam status page.
- Theoretical exam: complete successfully the APC online test
- Practical exam: examiner will check your theoretical knowledge and your proficiency in approach position.
Theoretical Approach Controller Exam
- Each question includes 3 to 5 proposed answers among which only one is correct.
- You have a maximum of 45 minutes to fill in the examination paper, and should you exceed this limit, the exam will be automatically recorded as failed (default failed score = 0/100).
- These MCQ exams are automatically corrected (each question will be marked 0 for a wrong answer or 5 for a right answer).
- The pass-mark for the exam is 75/100 (corresponding to at least 15 correct answers)
The theoretical questions are mainly extracted from our training documentation and software manual.
Practical Approach Controller Exam
The training material is available on the IVAO website following these links below:
IVAO software, connection and communication modes
The examiner will check your ability to correctly use the main functions of the software, mainly:
- establish a text and/or voice communication with pilots,
- fill out a correct ATIS,
- be able to transmit by text on your ATC frequency and privately, and make a conference in the chat tab
- retrieve a distant station ATIS, METAR and TAF
During the practical exam, the examiner shall question you about theoretical knowledge:
- Decode METAR / TAF including knowledge of RVR
- Knowledge of controller altimetry including TRL/TA, QNH, QFE, QDM, QDR,
- Ability to explain the charts for APC
- Knowledge of airspace set up including CTR, CTA, TMA and FIR around the airport including airspace classifications, also related from the point of view of separation, information, responsibilities of pilot versus controller
- Explain I,V, Y and Z flight plan including procedures for giving the appropriate clearance
- Knowledge of VFR rules including Special VFR, Night VFR and controlled VFR. (as applicable in the division), cruise altitudes and flight levels, semi-circular rules, VMC minima
- Knowledge of IFR rules including initial IFR clearance, cruise altitudes and flight levels, semi-circular rules, IFR separation in TMA
- Wake turbulence separations
- Important aerodrome phenomena (wind shear) and how to inform the pilot about it
- Knowledge of the approach procedures (ILS, VOR, NDB, RNAV approaches, Holding and performance at low speed)
- Knowledge of MRVA, MSA and surveillance radar approach and relevance between different ILS categories, missed approach handling
Practical performance during the exam
- You have to log on as approach controller. No separate departure controller is permitted during the exam.
- There must be a radar controller who is responsible for the airspace above during the exam.
- There must be a tower controller as the exam does not test the controllers ADC capabilities
- The airport, where the exam will take place must have IFR procedures available.
- Using IVAO approved software is required.
- The examinee will be expected to find the necessary charts himself. However, in countries where charts are not easily and freely available, it is the responsibility of the examiner/division to provide the necessary material and/or links so that both examiner and examinee can work on the same charts.
- To evaluate an approach controller exam, the minimum traffic required is as follows:
- at least 8 departing IFR aircraft (with or without SID)
- at least 10 arriving IFR aircraft successfully vectored onto final approach (ILS, VOR, NDB…)
- at least 3 arriving IFR aircraft simultaneously to the same airfield
- at least 1 emergency (Emergency calls made on another frequency do not count)
- at least one missed approach,
- at least one text only aircraft.
- If the weather is not suitable for VFR traffic the examinee may apply Special VFR rules. The examiner can ask a pilot to fly in VMC. The examinee has to be informed about that.
- We strongly recommend voice communication on all exams. We do not recommend a 'text-text' or 'text-voice' communication method due to the increased level of difficulty and incompatibilities with certain tasks. Should a member be unable to use voice or the voice / text method, please contact the HQ Training Department before requesting the exam in order to establish an individual procedure. For some exercises, the examinee possibly has to transmit in text mode.
- Fill out ATIS correctly
- Good SSR identification
- Suitable and sufficient traffic information and traffic management
- Observance of MRVA, MSA, MEA during radar vectoring, procedural or direct routes
- Ability to provide radar vectors and/or procedural control (in function of the airspace)
- Ability to monitor and assist pilots (if they ask for information)
- Ability to use holding stacks and passing of EATs (if situation is applicable)
- Perform correct handoffs to the next unit (TWR / CTR) including correct flight strip marking
- Suitable and sufficient coordination with adjacent ATC units in all necessary situations
- Handle miscellaneous emergency situations
- Have and maintain a good overview of the radar situation all the time
- Correct phraseology and English proficiency
Evaluation and marking method
Each score will reflect the exactness and range of your knowledge (for theoretical data) and your ability to accurately execute the exercises (and your performance in doing so).
In all cases, your examiner will give you the detailed results during the debriefing, so as you can identify your errors and correct them in case the exam is failed.
- Radio Communication proficiency failure
- English Communication proficiency failure
- Insufficient theoretical knowledge
- Poor theoretical knowledge
- No charts
- Loss of separation
- Landing/Take-off clearance while another aircraft is still on the runway
- Landing/Take-off clearance if another aircraft is cleared to line up on the runway ahead
- Landing/Take-off clearance if another aircraft is cleared to cross the runway
- Inability to manage VFR on the circuit pattern
- One task marked “0”
- Keeping or Clearing an aircraft into or through an area it should not be allowed to enter due to restrictions (prohibited, VMC loss ...)
- Vectoring below MRVA/MSA
- Issuing a clearance below published altitude on procedures below MRVA/MSA
- Control instruction that puts the aircraft in an immediate terrain collision situation
We know that the MSA is not a real parameter to be used on radar vectoring but it is the only value we consider to be feasible for virtual purposes..
- Examinee has extremely poor theoretical knowledge (score shall be at or below 10/100)
- Examinee makes any violation against IVAO Rules and Regulations (score shall be 0/100)
- Examinee does not turn up for the exam and a valid reason is not given within 48 hours. This will cause the exam to be considered as failed (score shall be 1/100 or 0/100 depending of examiner)
- Examinee decides to stop the exam at any time after it has begun (score shall be 1/100 or 0/100 depending of examiner).
- In case of any cheating during a practical exam, regardless whether during the theoretical or the practical part, the result will be 0/100 and a blocking of 6 months for exams will be appointed to the examinee.
Validation of the exam
The validator will verify the marking based on the comments and marking sheet of the examiner.
- VID 150259 - Creation
- VID 150259 - Wiki integration
- VID 200696 - Update
DATE OF SUBMISSION
- 12:26, 1 December 2019
- This documentation is copyrighted as part of the intellectual property of the International Virtual Aviation Organisation.
- The content of this documentation is intended for aviation simulation only and must not be used for real aviation operations.